Weight and Balance Definitions


Weight and Balance is very important to helicopters. Before we discuss the fine details and calculations, you will need a good understanding of the following terms:

  • Empty Weight
  • Basic Empty Weight
  • Standard Empty Weight
  • Payload
  • Gross Weight
  • Useful Load
  • Maximum Gross Weight
  • Minimum Gross Weight
  • Datum
  • Arm
  • Moment
  • Center of Gravity (CG)


The video below discusses and explains the weight and balance definitions and terms, with an emphasis on the Robinson R22 Helicopter:


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