Helicopter Training Flight # 4 - Air Taxi, Quick Stop (Rapid Deceleration), LTE, Hovering & Patterns

Day 4 – Helicopter Training Flight # 4 – Air Taxi, Quick Stop (Rapid Deceleration), LTE, Hovering & Patterns

Helicopter Training Flight # 4 – Air Taxi, Quick Stop (Rapid Deceleration), LTE, Hovering & Patterns

This is the forth training flight in a series following a student through his flight training from day 1 to checkride in an R22.

This flight continues to build on the basics from the first few flights – allowing the student to get a feel for the controls while covering approaches, patterns, hover work & radio calls. We also introduce try the air taxi and quick stop (otherwise known as a rapid deceleration) and discuss loss of tail rotor effectiveness (LTE).

Below the video are time-stamped notes/tips for the flight.

NOTES/TIPS:

00:01 Carburetor Heat Required?
06:30 Instructor Pickup
08:30 Student taxi to runway
09:50 We make a call to take off 16 (no one in run up areas), but Cherokee 75Z also makes a call as we take off (we missed it – need to set higher volume on COM1 and not talk over radio calls)
10:50 Cherokee takes off and turns inside our downwind turn.
11:20 Don’t bounce the cyclic
11:30 Keep nose level in turn
12:15 “Not cool”
20:07 Pickup & set downs
22:47 Take off – pushing through the nose up
25:47 Conflicting traffic (Columbia) landing opposite to our runway (calm wind runway is 16 at BDN)
29:47 Practice for running landing :-)
42:09 Classic onset of Loss of Tail Rotor Effectiveness (LTE)
45:47 Demo of set down & pick up
49:32 LTE avoidance tip
50:19 Airtaxi
50:52 Demo of quickstop
53:47 Hover maneuvers
58:02 Verify runway with compass
58:20 Common runway incursions at uncontrolled airports….
58:40 Take off – push through ETL etc
59:25 Change up of runway from 16 to 34

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Helicopter Training Flight # 3 - Camera facing down over controls - pickup/setdown, hover & patterns

Day 3 – Helicopter Training Flight # 3 – Camera facing down over controls – pickup/setdown, hover & patterns

Helicopter Training Flight # 3 – Camera facing down over controls – pickup/setdown, hover & patterns

This is the third training flight in a series following a student through his flight training from day 1 to checkride in an R22, this time with the camera facing down over the controls more.

This flight continues to build on the basics from the first few flights – allowing the student to get a feel for the controls while covering approaches, patterns and hover work. We also try to get the student to make some radio calls depending on their progress.

Below the video are time-stamped notes/tips for the flight.

NOTES/TIPS:

00:30 Frictions checks
00:40 Don’t let the governor run away with RPM
01:05 Low RPM check
03:00 Demo of hover taxi – watch how small the control movements are
04:30 Always know where the wind is coming from
05:00 Clearing taxiway intersections
05:10 Take off radio calls
06:00 Take off – watch cyclic movements
09:00 Check wind socks on downwind
10:00 Watch the cyclic movements in the turns
11:00 Approach – watch controls
12:10 Don’t bounce the cyclic – add pressure & holds
13:05 Delay in the controls
14:10 Noise abatement
15:30 Double check wind socks! Change up the traffic pattern… maybe
19:00 Demo approach to hover & take off – watch controls
22:30 Radio calls – “on” vs “turning”
23:30 Why lose airspeed in turn?
23:20 Pedals when lowering collective
26:30 Hover work

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Helicopter Training Flight # 2 - More hovering, approaches & patterns...

Day 2 – Helicopter Training Flight # 2 – More Hovering, Approaches & Patterns…

Day 2 – Helicopter Training Flight # 2 – More hovering, approaches & patterns…

This is the second training flight in a series following a student through his flight training from day 1 to checkride in an R22. This flight continues to build on the basics from the first flight – allowing the student to get a feel for the controls while covering approaches, patterns and hover work. We also try to get the student to make some radio calls depending on their progress. This flight also covers start-up, shut down, a go-around and air taxi.

Below the video are time-stamped notes/tips for the flight.

Note that the voice volume is low until headsets are on (6:45). 

NOTES/TIPS:

6:45 Headsets on and voice volume audible
07:30 Guarding controls as a passenger gets in and out
07:50 Checklist – go one/two above last line when interrupted
08:20 25 PSI in first 30 seconds or…
10:40 Keep left hand on throttle and Crew Resource Management
11:25 Why we keep our hand on the throttle
12:58 Sprag clutch check
13:54 Why we keep our hand on the throttle FOR REAL!
14:30 Manifold pressure limits for the day
15:05 Rolling up over 80% but slowing the governor
16:15 Roll DOWN for low RPM warning check – fingernails up
17:00 All the green – but where in the green?
17:30 Volume levels
19:25 Before every pickup – where is the wind coming from?
20:10 Instructor demos a pickup
20:15 Friction off check
24:20 Instructor demos a take off
24:35 Student takes control
24:55 Avoid the flow of fixed wing traffic…
25:20 300′ above ground level (AGL) before making turns & clear before turns
26:10 Downwind checks
26:25 Is it a right or left downwind?
26:50 Review your options for landing while on downwind
27:20 Extended downwind
28:10 Base leg – look out for final traffic & other base traffic
28:50 Pre-landing check
29:07 Approach angle – sight picture
29:25 Loose grip on throttle
30:05 Go around
31:22 Plan to get hover and approach work come together
32:00 Upwind leg
34:30 Always check final approach and other base before turning final
35:40 Always check wind on final
36:10 Air taxi over to Bravo taxiway
37:20 Air taxi to hover taxi
38:00 Pick up pedals & collective only
39:00 Pedal turns in hover (student on pedal & collective only)
40:20 Tail wind in a hover
41:40 Tail Rotor Vortex Ring State
42:20 Set down (student on pedals & collective down)
43:50 Hover taxi (student on cyclic only)
45:00 Watch horizon to see attitude & pendulum effect/delay
47:35 Pressure more than movement on the cyclic
48:20 Hover in place during pedal turns (student on cyclic only)
50:20 Set down & pickup (student on cyclic only)
50:45 Loose grip on cyclic
53:54 Hover work (student on all controls)

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Helicopter Training Flight # 1 - Hover work, Approaches and Patterns

First day – Helicopter Training Flight # 1 – Hover work, Approaches and Patterns

Helicopter Training Flight # 1 – First day of flight helicopter training – Hover work, Approaches and Patterns

This is the first in a series of posts following a student from first day of flight training, through solo, night and day cross country, to final check ride prep flight. We had one 30 minute ‘demo flight’ prior to official training. The student also has about 10 hours previous helicopter experience, mainly in a Schweitzer 300C from a few years ago. This is the student pilot’s very first helicopter training flight in an R22, in Bend, Oregon, with Instructor Jay of Helicopter Training Videos.

The first lessons typically involve some basic flight manuevers at altitude, some approaches (to low approach with a go-around/take off) and pattern work. If the student progresses well, we try to incorporate some basic radio calls and maybe some attempt at hover work.

Below the video are time-stamped notes/tips for the flight.

NOTES/TIPS:

0:15 After-engine started checklist
2:25 Automated AWOS Weather
4:15 Reaching to pull anything on lower console – two stages – identify first!
6:25 Make sure frictions are off
6:35 Don’t allow the governor to fully race the RPM up!
7:00 Fingernails up so you can only roll down, roll slowly & watch the RPMs
8:15 Turn on Nav and Landing Lights just prior to pick up to notify visually we are about to ‘fly’
8:35 Always know where the wind is coming from on pick up and how it will affect you
8:45 Initial radio call – doesn’t student sound like a Pro!?
9:02 Make sure you add “Bend” to start AND end of radio call
9:12 Make sure your student/passenger knows what carb heat is before they are asked to pull it
9:23 Pick up – two stage pickup
10:10 Clear your tail before any pedal turn
11:10 Radio volumes – priority on CTAF
12:30 Why do we keep the left door on?
12:48 Wake Turbulence
15:10 On take off – clear above!
15:15 Add more up collective as MAP drops due to increased rotor efficiency
16:05 Downwind Checks
18:50 Approach
19:15 Below 30 knots call out
20:50 Student takes controls
25:05 Great first pattern – low approach only
25:35 Trim Strings
25:45 Delay on inputs
26:20 Pull up on collective on turns to maintain altitude/climb
26:50 Add Bend to start and end of call
27:20 Consider landing options and wind direction
29:50 Go around
30:30 Altitude (500′) & Airspeed (60 kts) = safer
33:30 On Base vs Turning Base
34:40 Go Arounds
41:10 Clearing taxiways before exiting a runway
42:45 Student pedals only
43:10 Why we keep heading aligned with movement (engine failure)
45:45 Left foot only pedal turns
46:00 Always clear tail before pedal turns
49:40 Always check we are safe to fly before picking up
51:18 Only loose grip on throttle – two fingers & thumb
51:20 Student on collective only
53:00 Student has collective & pedals
56:20 Student Pickup
58:00 Demos Air Taxi
1:01:15 Tail Resonance or Sympathetic Resonance

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Zero Speed Autorotation with 360 degree turn Post Featured Image 624 x 117

Zero Speed Autorotation with 360 degree turn – Helicopter Flight Maneuvers

This is a reference video of unedited footage from inside the cockpit during Zero Speed Autorotation with 360 degree turn in an R22 helicopter.

This maneuver itself is not required for Private or Commercial ratings, but maybe considered for ‘Enhanced training in autorotation procedures’ under SFAR 73, especially for a CFI SFAR 73 checkride. Otherwise it is good training to help a student become more confident and accomplished in autorotations generally and serves a real world purpose for possible engine failure in an out of ground effect hover over an confined area.

Thanks to Aaron

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gopro_setup

GoPro mount in the R22 and R44 helicopter

I’ve had a few questions about the GoPro mount in the R22 and R44 helicopter and how I capture the radio and intercom audio.  I have tried many different audio and mount options and finally came up with something that works very well. Watch the video below for the details.

 

Here is a link to each of the pieces on Amazon (I found to usually be the best price):

I have to set the GoPro upside down, make sure you set the settings to record upside down or you will have to rotate all your videos afterwards. Also, I record at 720P 30 FPS – 1080 is great but takes forever to copy to my PC, upload, work with in an editor and I didn’t notice enough of a difference to warrant the extra file sizes.

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Looking for traffic

Scanning for traffic?

When scanning for traffic, did you know, traffic at the same altitude will actually appear slightly above the horizon? Due to the curvature of the earth and the higher you are the greater the effect, learn more here:

http://www.aopa.org/News-and-Video/All-News/2004/October/1/Scanning-for-Traffic

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ScreenShot 09-15-14 at 01.11.41 PM

R22 – Pull cruise trim, NOT mixture!

Always reach left around the cyclic column when pulling cruise trim in an R22 to minimize the chance of pulling the mixture by mistake.

This recent accident is not the first and won’t be the last I’m sure. Happened a couple of months ago, see the NTSB report here.

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Confined Area Off Airport – Helicopter Flight Maneuvers

This is a reference video of unedited footage from inside the cockpit during a confined area off airport in an R22 helicopter.

This video was produced for a presentation to aviation students at COCC. I thought the video may be useful to others, but In time these videos will be replaced by a more comprehensive instructional videos with key points, common errors and the PTS requirements.

Thanks to Keaton

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Low RPM & Recovery in a Hover – Helicopter Flight Maneuvers

This is a reference video of unedited footage from inside the cockpit during low RPM recognition and recovery in a hover in an R22 helicopter.

This video was produced for a presentation to aviation students at COCC. I thought the video may be useful to others, but In time these videos will be replaced by a more comprehensive instructional videos with key points, common errors and the PTS requirements.

Thanks to Cooper

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